Table of contents


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I

The concept of road charging and its implementations

A

What is road user charging (RUC)

B

Road charging around the world

1

European market overview

2

US market overview

3

Overview of other major tolling markets globally

C

Why road pricing

1

Internalising the external costs

2

Emissions reduction from traffic smoothing

3

National differences in introducing RUC

D

The challenges to universal road pricing

1

Clearly stating the purpose of the tolling project

2

Privacy fears can destroy a project early

3

Managing acceptance and post-pay billing issues

4

The French Ecotaxe saga

5

The effect of the economic downturn: the Spanish roads example

6

What can we learn from failed ETC projects?

E

Impact of the transportation market landscape on tolling

1

Key factors affecting the transport industry

2

The consequences of social dumping

II

The fundamentals of the evolving e-tolling service provision business

A

General directions and regulations

1

Regulations governing road charging in Europe

2

Disparity and differentiation

3

Regulations governing road charging in the US

B

Key ETC models and their evolution

1

Free Flow ETC

2

All Electronic Tolling (AET)

3

Manual toll booths

4

Open Road Tolling (GNSS)

5

E-vignette

6

Other inovative solutions

7

Technology convergence or divergence?

C

Enforcement and treatment of occasional users

1

Delivering the OBUs

2

Enforcement in practice

3

Enforcement technology options

4

How to build an economic model for enforcement

5

Various fraud types and protection schemes

D

The economics of ETC

1

Financing e-tolling schemes

2

Pricing strategy

3

Cost benchmarks

E

How is the e-tolling technology evolving

1

Disambiguation and terminologies

2

Road tolling technology standards in use globally

3

RFID tags of war

4

DSRC standard technology

5

GNSS

6

Communication technologies compared

7

Image-based tolling and ANPR

8

Infrared

9

Back office and transaction management

10

Smartphone based tolling

11

Other tolling technologies: NFC and Wave

12

Relevant technical standards and Patents

F

How do the solutions compare: technical & economic aspects

1

Demand-based assessment

2

Environment-based assessment

3

Other criteria affecting the choice of solution

4

Cost comparison: criteria and figures

5

Other ways to compare: external effects

6

Who pays and are the costs competitive?

7

Switching from Plaza to Free Flow ETC in the US

8

Migration paths: what are the options

III

The European and US cases for toll network interoperability

A

Assessing the needs and demand

1

The fundamental drivers for unbundling the toll networks

2

The different levels of interoperability

B

The regulations and programmes fostering interoperability

1

Tolling interoperability in Europe: EETS

2

The US interoperability programmes; timing and stakeholders

3

Interoperability in practice: taking one brick at the time

C

How to create a solid business case for the service providers

1

Successful interoperability deployment

2

Interoperability doesn’t always pay

3

In the US, ATI’s HUB is instrumental in promoting interoperability

4

The business case for toll roaming in Europe

IV

Tolling as part of the connected vehicle landscape

A

Convergence initiatives and trends

1

The main stakeholders involved

2

The connected road services today

3

FMS as the main tolling mechanism

4

The Oregon experiment in road user charging

5

The Oregon experiment in road user charging

B

Connected services opportunities relevant to the toll operators

1

Telematics services with direct potential in the tolling industry

2

Technology and market trends affecting the connected car services market

3

New mobility pricing models

4

How to create a solid mobility pricing business model

5

ITS services: traffic, safety and V2i

6

Electronic Vehicle Identification (EVI)

7

Fleet Management Services (FMS)

C

Barriers and opportunities to convergence

1

Isolation and silos

2

The general context of data protection in Europe

3

How tolling data can provide value

D

New opportunities for external stakeholders

1

Fuel card providers bridge the fleet and tolling silos

2

Weigh stations in the US: a path to toll interoperability for trucks

3

Can toll functions be integrated at the vehicle manufacturer’s level?

4

Insurance/ assistance

5

Wireless operators

6

Consequence on the technology requirements

7

The winners and losers in the race for toll services

V

Quantitative analysis of the road charging market worldwide

A

ETC landscape

1

Key players in the value chain and their roles

2

How interoperability affects this value chain

3

Key companies market shares

a

Classification by OBUs sold

b

Classification by OBUs sold, DSRC only

c

Classification by OBU sold, RFID only

d

Classification by OBUs sold, GNSS only

e

Classification by OBUs sold, infrared only

f

Classification by total revenue

g

Classification by global presence

B

Quantifying the ETC market potential

1

Overview of the current transport market globally

2

Analysis of the main ETC regions

3

Device sales forecast

4

Country profiles: opportunity ratings

C

Market analysis of other countries of interest

1

Australia

2

Brazil

3

Canada

4

China

5

Finland

6

India

7

Indonesia

8

Japan

9

Malaysia

10

Mexico

11

Phillipines

12

Russia

13

South Africa

14

South Korea

15

Sweden

16

Taiwan

VI

Conclusions and recommendations

VII

Profiles

Country analyses

AET

Croatia

AET

Denmark

AET

France

AET

Greece

AET

Italy

AET

Russia

AET

Slovenia

AET

Spain

AET

Turkey

FFETC

Austria

FFETC

Belarus

FFETC

Czech rep

FFETC

Ireland

FFETC

Norway

FFETC

Poland

FFETC

Portugal

ORT

Germany

ORT

Hungary

ORT

Slovakia

ORT

Switzerland

Future/ other

UK

Future/ other

Belgium

Future/ other

France

Future/ other

Russia

FFETC

Australia

AET

Brazil

AET

Canada

AET

China

AET

India

AET

Indonesia

FFETC

Japan

AET

Mexico

FFETC

New Zealand
Philipine

FFETC

South Africa

FFETC

South Korea

ORT

Taiwan
US

Key player profiles

3M
Asfinag
Autostrade
Axxes
Bosch
Conti
DKV
Efkon
Egis
Eurotoll
GEA
Kapsch
Norbit
OMV
Qfree
Sanef
Shell
Siemens
Toll Collect
Traffineo
Transcore
Transpass
TUV
UTA
Vendeka
Xerox